Jewish horticultural and agricultural schools / training centers
Jewish horticultural and agricultural schools / training centers in Germany and their impact on horticulture, agriculture and landscape architecture in Palestine / Israel
In the course of the late 19th and early 20th century, more than 30 Jewish horticultural and agricultural training centers and schools were established in Germany to educate German Jews as well as Jews from other European countries, particularly Eastern European countries in horticulture and agriculture. While these institutions were aimed to prepare their graduates to emigrate Germany, they also reflected the lure of the students toward the land and the landscape, a topic which was relative neglected in the emerging research field of 'everyday history' (Alltagsgeschichte) of Jewish life in Germany. Upon arriving Palestine, graduates of these centers became involved in the establishment of new settlements, in agricultural and horticultural activities, in agricultural education and in practicing landscape architecture. Their contribution to the emergence of the local landscape was never researched in depth as the contribution of German planners (Kaufmann, Oppenheimer etc.).
Our research will explore the scopes and goals of these educational intitutions in Germany. It will document the history of the schools and training centers, their curricula, and the actual work and life of their students. In parallel we will investigate the contribution of the graduates of these centers to the emergence of the Zionist landscape of Israel.
Prof. Dr. Joachim Wolschke-Bulmahn, Leibniz University, Hannover
Prof. Dr. Tal Alon-Mozes, Technion, Israel Institute of Technology
This joint research project is being financially supported by the State of Lower-Saxony, Hannover, Germany.